Committee Membership Information
Subsurface Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rocks
Dr. David E. Daniel
The University of Texas at Dallas
DAVID E. DANIEL (NAE) has served as the president of The University of Texas at Dallas since 2005. He served on the faculty at UT Austin from 1980 to 1996. In 1996, he moved to the University of Illinois, finishing his service as Dean of Engineering before being appointed UT Dallas' president in 2005. Dr. Daniel has been recognized for his leadership In waste containment, landfilling of wastes, and clean-up of contaminated lands. He has worked on flow of water and chemicals in soils, engineering design of soil barriers (e.g., clay liners) and drainage systems for waste containment systems, measurement of hydraulic conductivity in the laboratory and field, alterations of barrier materials caused by chemicals, construction of waste containment systems, and various design and permitting issues. The work has focused on bottom liner systems for landfills, final cover systems for landfills and abandoned dumps, containment of buried wastes or contaminated ground water, and clean-up of old waste disposal sites. He has also conducted research on various types of geosynthetic materials, with most of the work involving geosynthetic clay liners used for waste containment but some of the work involving geomembranes, geonets, and geotextiles. Dr. Daniel?s professional work has been recognized by the American Society of Civil Engineers, which awarded him its highest honor for papers published in its journals (the Norman Medal), and on two separate occasions awarded him its second highest honor, the Croes Medal. He received the Presidents? Award in 2007 and the OPAL (Outstanding Projects and Leaders) Award for Education for 2010. Dr. Daniel received his bachelor?s, master?s, and Ph.D. degrees in civil engineering from The University of Texas at Austin.
Dr. Franklin M. Orr, Jr.
FRANLIN ORR, Jr (NAE), is the Keleen & Carlton Beal Professor in the Department of Energy Resource Engineering, director of the Precourt Instutute for Energy, senior fellow at the Precourt Institute for Energy, and senior fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford University. His research focuses on the physical mechanisms that control flow of multiphase, multicomponent fluids in the subsurface, using a combination of experiments and theory. The theory part includes numerical simulation of flow in heterogeneous porous rocks and coalbeds, often using streamline approaches, and it also involves solving by analytical methods the differential equations that describe the interactions of complex phase equilibrium and flow (porous rocks containing more than one flowing phase can sometimes act like a chromatograph, separating components as they flow). The experiments are used to test how well the models describe reality. Applications of this work range from enhanced oil and gas recovery to geologic storage of carbon dioxide (to reduce greenhouse gas emissions) to the transport of contaminants in aquifers. Dr. Orr is a current member of DELS. He received his B.S. from Stanford University and his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, both in chemical engineering.
Dr. Allen M. Shapiro
U.S. Geological Survey
ALLEN SHAPIRO is a research hydrologist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Reston, Virginia. His research has focused on characterizing ground-water flow and chemical transport in fractured rock. It has included investigations in various geologic settings, including fractured and dissolution-enhanced limestone, bedded sedimentary formations, and igneous and metamorphic rock. Dr. Shapiro has authored papers on equipment design and field techniques, the interpretation of hydraulic and geochemical data, and theories of ground-water flow and chemical transport. His research has application to issues of societal importance, including water supply, ground-water contamination and restoration, waste isolation, and ground-water flow in the vicinity of engineered structures. Dr. Shapiro earned a bachelor's degree in civil engineering from Lafayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania, and master's and Ph.D. degrees in civil and geological engineering from Princeton University.
Dr. J. Carlos Santamarina
Georgia Institute of Technology
CARLOS SANTAMARINA is the Goizueta Professor with the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. His research focuses on the fundamental study of soils and subsurface processes. The implementation of this research has involved the development and utilization of particle-level testing methodologies, high-resolution process monitoring systems (including combined elastic and electromagnetic waves), and inverse problems. These conceptual and experimental frameworks have allowed the study of problems in civil engineering systems (dynamic soil response, underground excavations), mining (clay minerals and crushed rock), and resource recovery (petroleum and methane hydrates). Dr. Santamarina?s current research emphasis is directed towards engineered particulate systems and energy-related geotechnology. He has co-authored two books which summarize salient concepts and research results. He is a Corresponding Member of the Argentinean National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. He holds a Ph.D. from Purdue University, M.S. from the University of Maryland, and B.Sc. from Universidad de Cordoba.
Dr. Carl Gable
Los Alamos National Laboratory
CARL GABLE is the team leader of the Subsurface Flow and Transport Team in the Computational Earth Science Group at Los Alamos National Laboratory. His major research interests include two- and three-dimensional unstructured finite element mesh generation for geological applications, flow and reactive chemical transport modeling in saturated and unsaturated porous media, computational physics and fluid dynamics, and the interaction of tectonic plates in mantle convection. Dr. Gable earned his B.A. in geophysics from the University of California, Berkeley, and his M.S. and Ph.D. in applied physics and geophysics, respectively.
Dr. Kamini Singha
Colorado School of Mines
KAMINI SINGHA is an associate professor in the Department of Geology and Geotechnical Engineering at The Colorado School of Mines where her research interests are focused on the physical process controlling solute and contaminant mass transport including ?long-tailed? distributions of solute arrival times in groundwater systems, integration of geophysical imaging with flow and transport modeling, establishing field-scale rock physics relations between geophysical and hydrogeologic parameters, and groundwater-surface water exchange. Dr. Singha earned her B.S. in geophysics from the University of Connecticut and her Ph.D., in hydrogeology from Stanford University.
Prof. Lisa Alvarez-Cohen
University of California, Berkeley
LISA ALVAREZ-COHEN (NAE) is the Fred and Claire Sauer Professor of Environmental Engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. Her research areas include environmental microbiology and ecology, biotransformation and fate of environmental contaminants, nutrient cycling in soils, and innovative molecular and isotopic techniques for studying microbial ecology of complex communities. Specifically, her research focuses on the application of omics-based molecular tools and isotopic techniques to understand and optimize the bioremediation of emerging and conventional environmental contaminants by naturally occurring microorganisms and to facilitate beneficial carbon cycling in the environment. Bioremediation and nutrient cycling are processes that rely upon complex mixed microbial communities that interact to catalyze important reaction pathways. Dr. Alvarez-Cohen is an associate editor of Environmental Engineering Science. Her previous NRC service includes the Committee on USGS Water Resources Research, the Committee on In Situ Bioremediation, and the Committee on Source Removal of Contaminants in the Subsurface. She received her B.S. in engineering and applied science from Harvard University and her M.S. and Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering and Science from Stanford University.
Dr. Herbert H. Einstein
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
HERBERT EINSTEIN is a professor in the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Einstein is a former chair of the US National Committee on Rock Mechanics and is well is well known in the civil engineering community for his work in rock mechanics. His areas of expertise include rock fracture genesis, fracture coalescence, description of fracture patterns, and hydrologic properties of rock masses. He is particularly well known for his work on fracture pattern characterization, including stochastic representation of fracture patterns and flow in individual fractures and fractured rock masses. His research and consulting activities have included the influence of fractured rock patterns on the performance of nuclear waste storage facilities and engineered geothermal systems. Dr. Einstein earned his Dipl. Bauing and Sc.D. from Eidgen�ssische Technische Hochschule in Zurich.
Dr. William Dershowitz
Golder Associates, Inc.
WILLIAM DERSHOWITZ is an engineer and hydrogeologist at Golder Associates Inc., in Redmond, Washington. Dr. Dershowitz has a broad background in analysis and modeling of fractured rock, including data analysis, simulation, and predictive analyses. In addition to over 30 years experience in conventional hydrogeologic techniques and modeling, Dr. Dershowitz is a pioneer of the discrete fracture network (DFN) approach for flow, transport, and geomechanics for fractured rock. Since 1977, Dr. Dershowitz has developed and applied DFN models for environmental, civil, mining, and oil/gas projects. Dr. Dershowitz integrates principles of geology, structural geology, geophysics, hydrodynamics, and geomechanics to develop realistic models for flow and transport pathways and connectivity. He is also active in development of approaches for hydrogeological optimization and uncertainty analysis for fractured and heterogeneous aquifers, and the author of over 50 professional papers. Dr. Dershowitz earned a B.S. in Geotechnical Engineering and an M.S. and Ph.D. in civil engineering (rock mechanics) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Dr. David Reynolds
DAVID REYNOLDS is an associate at Geosyntec Consultants. Dr. Reynolds?s primary areas of expertise include hazardous waste management with a particular focus on groundwater remediation, fate and transport of chemical contaminants in the environment, and site investigation in fractured systems. He has been the technical director, reviewer, or expert witness on numerous site investigation and remediation projects in fractured and unfractured systems during his 20 years in the industry. Dr. Reynolds was a faculty member and leader of the Hydrogeology Research Group at the University of Western Australia and the Research Director of the Centre for Groundwater Studies, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia. His research interests include the migration of contaminants in fractured consolidated and unconsolidated media, remediation of low permeability soils and rock, and value of information approaches in site investigation. Dr. Reynolds received a B.A.Sc. in geological engineering from the University of Waterloo, a M.Sc. (Eng.) from Queen?s University, and a Ph.D. in environmental engineering from Queen?s University.