Geology and geophysics: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 11 - 15 of 37

Earth Observations from Space: The First 50 Years of Scientific Achievements (2008)

Over the past 50 years, thousands of satellites have been sent into space on missions to collect data about the Earth. Today, the ability to forecast weather, climate, and natural hazards depends critically on these satellite-based observations. At the request of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Research Council convened a committee to examine the scientific accomplishments that have resulted from space-base... More >>

Report in Brief

Assessment of the NASA Applied Sciences Program (2007)

Remote sensing data and models from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) are the basis for a wide spectrum of scientific research endeavors and are key inputs to many public and private services. The NASA Applied Sciences Program (ASP) and its precursors have been tasked with ensuring the extension of NASA Earth observation data and associated research into practical applications for society through external partnerships... More >>

Earth Materials and Health: Research Priorities for Earth Science and Public Health (2007)

A range of natural earth materials, like arsenic or fluoride, have long been linked to significant human health effects. Improved understanding of the pervasive and complex interactions between earth materials and human health will require creative collaborations between earth scientists and public health professionals. At the request of the National Science Foundation, U.S. Geological Survey, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration... More >>

Assessment of the Performance of Engineered Waste Containment Barriers (2007)

President Carter's 1980 declaration of a state of emergency at Love Canal, New York recognized that residents' health had been affected by nearby chemical waste sites. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, enacted in 1976, had just ushered in a new era of waste management disposal designed to protect the public from harm. It required that modern waste containment systems use "engineered" barriers designed to isolat... More >>

Report in Brief

Geological and Geotechnical Engineering in the New Millennium: Opportunities for Research and Technological Innovation (2006)

This report presents a vision for the future of geotechnology aimed at National Science Foundation program managers, the geological and geotechnical engineering community as a whole, and other interested parties including Congress, federal and state agencies, industry, and other stakeholders in geoengineering research. Some of the ideas discussed may be close to reality whereas others may be elusive, but they all present possibilities to striv... More >>