Geology and geophysics: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

Search all reports

To search for an exact phrase, use quotation marks (i.e., “Earth and life”)
Showing results 16 - 20 of 37

Improved Seismic Monitoring Improved Decision-Making: Assessing the Value of Reduced Uncertainty (2006)

The Board on Earth Sciences and Resources released Improved Seismic Monitoring Improved Decision-Making: Assessing the Value of Reduced Uncertainty. With approximately 30 percent of the population and 50 percent of the national building stock in areas prone to damaging earthquakes, and with both statistics continuing to increase, there is a growing need to mitigate the nation's earthquake risk. Improved information from seismic monitorin... More >>

The Geological Record of Ecological Dynamics: Understanding the Biotic Effects of Future Environmental Change (2005)

The geological record--which includes fossils, sediment and ice cores, and tree rings--can be used to answer important questions about ecosystems and biodiversity. Because of recent advances in earth scientists' ability to derive biological and environmental information from geological data, the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Geological Survey asked a National Research Council (NRC) committee to assess the scientific opportunitie... More >>

Review of NASA's Solid-Earth Science Strategy (2004)

The report reviews NASA's solid-earth science strategy, placing particular emphasis on observational strategies for measuring surface deformation, high-resolution topography, surface properties, and the variability of the earth s magnetic and gravity fields. The report found that NASA is uniquely positioned to implement these observational strategies and that a number of agency programs would benefit from the resulting data. In particular, th... More >>

Living on an Active Earth: Perspectives on Earthquake Science (2003)

The destructive force of earthquakes has stimulated human inquiry since ancient times, yet the scientific study of earthquakes is a surprisingly recent endeavor. Instrumental recordings of earthquakes were not made until the second half of the 19th century, and the primary mechanism for generating seismic waves was not identified until the beginning of the 20th century. This book describes the growth and origins of earthquake science an... More >>

Review of NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center (2003)

The report reviews the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) and assesses how well the center is managing its holdings, serving its users, and supporting NOAA's mission. It concludes that NGDC is Natural place within NOAA and the nation for stewardship and dissemination of data related to the solid Earth and space environment. These subject areas are also relevant to NOAA's new priority on integrated environmental approaches. For NGDC t... More >>