Earth Sciences: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 21 - 25 of 120

Understanding the Earth's Deep Past: Lessons for Our Climate Future (2011)

A better understanding of how Earth will respond to future climate change could be gained by looking tens of millions of years back into Earth's past, this National Research Council report finds. Without a reduction in emissions, by the end of this century atmospheric carbon dioxide is projected to increase to levels that Earth has not experienced for more than 30 million years. Critical insights to understanding how Earth's atmosphere, oceans... More >>

Building Community Disaster Resilience through Private-Public Collaboration (2010)

Collaboration between local private and public sector organizations is the key to building resilient communities that can withstand disasters, a new National Research Council report finds. Cooperation could help reduce the impact of a disaster by helping communities anticipate threats, adapt to adversity, and recover after a crisis by engaging community stakeholders to identify risk and leverage available resources. This report suggests ... More >>

Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts (2010)

The nation's ability to detect and forecast tsunamis has improved since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, but current efforts are still not sufficient to meet challenges posed by tsunamis generated near land, which leave little time for warning. This National Research Council report reviews progress made to strengthen the nation's tsunami warning and preparation systems, and identifies ways to further improve tsunami preparation efforts. Minimizin... More >>

Report in Brief

Precise Geodetic Infrastructure: National Requirements for a Shared Resource (2010)

Geodesy is the science of accurately measuring Earth's shape, orientation in space, and gravity field, and changes in these parameters over time. Geodetic techniques and instrumentation have enabled scientists to determine the changing position of any point on Earth with centimeter accuracy or better. They also provide the underpinnings for surveying and navigation, determining flood maps, measuring sea level rise, assessing groundwate... More >>

Report in Brief

Management and Effects of Coalbed Methane Produced Water in the United States (2010)

The extraction of methane (natural gas) trapped deep in some coal beds is a common practice, especially in Western States, but carries with it the issue of what to do with the water that must be pumped out to release the methane. This "produced" water must be managed through some combination of disposal, use, or storage, and often requires treatment to remove salts and other compounds. Currently, the majority of the water is disposed of at leas... More >>

Report in Brief