Environmental Health: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 69

Progress Toward Transforming the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Program: A 2018 Evaluation (2018)

This study concludes that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) program, which is used to assess the hazards posed by environmental contaminants, has made "substantial progress" in implementing recommendations outlined in past reports by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. In a 2014 report, the National Academies concluded the program had improved significantly sinc... More >>

Environmental Chemicals, the Human Microbiome, and Health Risk: A Research Strategy (2017)

The human microbiome is composed of a great number of diverse microorganisms that inhabit the human body. Until recently, the role of the microbiome in maintaining human health was not fully appreciated. Today, however, scientists are beginning to explain the important roles that it might play in a wide array of diseases, such as diabetes, asthma, and inflammatory bowel disease. Recent studies have indicated that the human microbiome ca... More >>

Report in Brief

Progress Toward Restoring the Everglades: The Sixth Biennial Review, 2016 (2016)

Sixteen years into the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Program, several project components are completed or nearing completion and are beginning to yield measurable results, especially in terms of creating hydrologic conditions increasingly similar to pre-drainage flows. This sixth biennial review of the $16.4 billion CERP project finds that, although measurable progress is being made, there is insufficient attention on radically changin... More >>

Report in Brief

Refinements to the Methods for Developing Spacecraft Exposure Guidelines (2016)

Human spaceflight is inherently risky, with numerous potential hazards posed at each phase of a mission. Some of the potential health risks arise from the effects of microgravity on the body and from the environmental conditions associated with living and working in spacecraft. Several hundred chemicals are likely to be found in the closed environment of the spacecraft, and as the frequency, complexity, and duration of human spaceflight... More >>

Application of Modern Toxicology Approaches for Predicting Acute Toxicity for Chemical Defense (2015)

The US Department of Defense (DOD) is faced with an overwhelming task in evaluating chemicals that could potentially pose a threat to its deployed personnel. There are over 84,000 registered chemicals, and testing them with traditional toxicity-testing methods is not feasible in terms of time or money. In recent years, there has been a concerted effort to develop new approaches to toxicity testing that incorporate advances in systems biology... More >>