Genomics: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 17

Sequence-Based Classification of Select Agents: A Brighter Line (2010)

Although measures are in place to protect against the loss, theft, or misuse of Select Agents—a list of the names of pathogens or biological toxins with the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety—concerns are growing that advances in molecular biology have created new biosecurity challenges. In particular, DNA synthesis technology may make it possible to create Select Agents, modify them by introducing small changes to th... More >>

Report in Brief

Achievements of the National Plant Genome Initiative and New Horizons in Plant Biology (2008)

Life on Earth would be impossible without plants. Humans rely on plants for most clothing, furniture, food, as well as for many pharmaceuticals and other products. Plant genome sciences are essential to understanding how plants function and how to develop desirable plant characteristics. For example, plant genomic science can contribute to the development of plants that are drought-resistant, those that require less fertilizer, and those tha... More >>

Report in Brief

The New Science of Metagenomics: Revealing the Secrets of Our Microbial Planet (2007)

Although we can't usually see them, microbes are essential for every part of human life -- indeed all life on Earth. The emerging field of metagenomics offers a new way of exploring the microbial world that will transform modern microbiology and lead to practical applications in medicine, agriculture, alternative energy, environmental remediation, and many others areas. Metagenomics allows researchers to look at the genomes of all of th... More >>

Report in Brief

Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology and Risk Assessment (2007)

The new field of toxicogenomics presents a potentially powerful set of tools to better understand the health effects of exposures to toxicants in the environment. At the request of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the National Research Council assembled a committee to identify the benefits of toxicogenomics, the challenges to achieving them, and potential approaches to overcoming such challenges. The report concludes tha... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Department of Energy's Genomics: GTL Program (2006)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) promotes scientific and technological innovation to advance the national, economic, and energy security of the United States. Recognizing the potential of microorganisms to offer new energy alternatives and remediate environmental contamination, DOE initiated the Genomes to Life program, now called Genomics: GTL, in 2000. The program aims to develop a predictive understanding of microbial systems that can b... More >>