Nuclear and Radioactive Waste Management : Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Best Practices for Risk-Informed Decision Making Regarding Contaminated Sites: Summary of a Workshop Series (2014)

During the Second World War and the ensuing Cold War, the United States created a massive industrial complex to produce nuclear materials and weapons for national defense. The activities also produced large quantities of radioactive and hazardous wastes that resulted in widespread groundwater and soil contamination. In 1989, the Office of Environmental Management (EM) was created within the Department of Energy, with the mission of the saf... More >>

Waste Forms Technology and Performance: Final Report (2011)

The Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM) is responsible for cleaning up radioactive waste and environmental contamination resulting from five decades of nuclear weapons production and testing that are stored at over 100 sites across the United States. A major focus of this program involves the retrieval and processing of stored waste to reduce its volume and incorporate it into suitable waste forms to facilitate saf... More >>

Waste Forms Technology and Performance: Interim Report (2010)

To sequester radioactive and other hazardous components of waste for storage and disposal, waste can be converted into "waste forms" that immobilize these components in stable, solid matrices. For example, waste can be chemically incorporated into the structure of a glass or ceramic matrix so that the atoms of radioactive species become bound, or encapsulated in materials such as bitumen, grout, or cement. This interim report provides timel... More >>

Advice on the Department of Energy's Cleanup Technology Roadmap: Gaps and Bridges (2009)

The Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for removing or remediating radioactive waste and other contamination from its former nuclear weapons production sites. The job is expected to cost between about $265 billion and $305 billion over the next 30 years. DOE has stated that the work, which is being conducted by its Office of Environmental Management, is one of the most technically challenging and complex cleanup efforts in the world.... More >>

Interim Report from the National Research Council Committee on Development and Implementation of a Cleanup Technology Roadmap (2008)

Over the last 60 years, the wide range of operations carried out by Department of Energy (DOE) (and its predecessor organizations) has resulted in accumulation of hazardous and radioactive waste in tanks, soil, groundwater, and buildings at various sites across the nation. DOE conducts ongoing cleanup efforts at those sites. To ensure that the best modern technologies are available for this work, which will continue for 30 years or more... More >>