Ocean Exploration : Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 6

Critical Infrastructure for Ocean Research and Societal Needs in 2030 (2011)

Report in Brief >> U.S. ocean research depends on a broad range of ocean infrastructure assets—the national inventory of ships and other platforms, sensors and samplers, computational and data systems, supporting facilities, and trained personnel. In order to ensure that essential infrastructure is available for both fundamental research and issues of social importance in 2030, a coordinated national plan for making future strategic investment... More >>

Report in Brief

Future Needs in Deep Submergence Science: Occupied and Unoccupied Vehicles in Basic Ocean Research (2004)

Deep-diving manned submersibles, such as Alvin, which gained worldwide fame when researchers used it to reach the wreck of Titanic, have helped advance scientific understanding of the deep ocean. Many scholars in this field, however, have noted that the number and capabilities of today's underwater vehicles no longer meet current and expected scientific demand. At the same time, the relative value of manned and unmanned vehicles is ofte... More >>

Exploration of the Seas: Interim Report (2003)

Seventy percent of our blue planet is covered by oceans. Progress has been made in understanding the role of oceans in climate change, locating energy reserves, revealing new life forms, and describing the flow of carbon through these systems. However, it may be time to catapult our understanding to new levels by undertaking an interdisciplinary, international, global ocean exploration program. This interim report outlines the committee's visio... More >>

Exploration of the Seas: Voyage into the Unknown (2003)

Each year, exiting, ocean-related discoveries are made; however, more research funding is available to scientists that revisit sites as opposed to individuals that want to explore poorly understood regions. A new program, where opportunities exist to investigate unexplored areas of the ocean, is needed to facilitate rapid discovery and implementation of previously unknown information. This report argues that a new large-scale, multidisciplinar... More >>

Report in Brief

Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science (2002)

The accuracy of chemical oceanographic measurements depends on calibration against reference materials to ensure comparability over time and among laboratories. Several key parameters lack reference materials for measurements in seawater, particles in the water column, and sediments. Without reference materials, it is difficult to produce the reliable data sets or long-term baseline studies that are essential to verify global change and oceani... More >>