Plans and Practices for Groundwater Protection at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (2007)Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board
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Since the 1940s, the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in New Mexico--part of the nation's nuclear weapons complex under the U.S. Department of Energy--has disposed of its radioactive and other hazardous wastes on-site. Contaminants have been detected in groundwater beneath the site. This report assesses LANL's groundwater protection program, initiated nine years ago by New Mexico state law, which is now at about the halfway mark. The report finds that despite recent progress, LANL needs to address substantial technical challenges in understanding and quantifying its inventories of hazardous wastes and how contaminants from them can migrate to groundwater beneath the 40-square-mile site.