Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 848

Safe Science: Promoting a Culture of Safety in Academic Chemical Research (2014)

Recent serious accidents in chemical research laboratories in US universities--some of them fatal--have highlighted a need for improved lab safety; but it has become increasingly clear that simple compliance with regulations can only go so far in protecting researchers. Many colleges and universities are now working to build a strong, positive safety culture: a constant, institution-wide commitment to safe working practices to reduce the risk o... More >>

Best Practices for Risk-Informed Decision Making Regarding Contaminated Sites: Summary of a Workshop Series (2014)

During the Second World War and the ensuing Cold War, the United States created a massive industrial complex to produce nuclear materials and weapons for national defense. The activities also produced large quantities of radioactive and hazardous wastes that resulted in widespread groundwater and soil contamination. In 1989, the Office of Environmental Management (EM) was created within the Department of Energy, with the mission of the saf... More >>

Review of the Styrene Assessment in the National Toxicology Program 12th Report on Carcinogens (2014)

In 2011, the National Toxicology Program listed styrene as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" in its 12th Report on Carcinogens. Congress directed the Department of Health and Human Services to request the National Academy of Sciences to review independently the substance profile of styrene and its listing in the Report on Carcinogens. This report presents the findings and conclusions of the committee formed in response to th... More >>

Report in Brief

Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants (2014)

A new congressionally mandated report from the National Academy of Sciences examines the causes of the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant initiated by the March 11, 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami and identifies lessons learned for improving nuclear plant safety and offsite emergency responses to nuclear plant accidents in the United States. The overarching lesson learned is is that nuclear plant licensees and thei... More >>

Report in Brief

Enhancing the Value and Sustainability of Field Stations and Marine Laboratories in the 21st Century (2014)

Amid rapid environmental change, a strong understanding of the natural world is more important than ever. Field stations and marine laboratories place scientists on the front lines of our changing Earth, helping them gather the data needed to better understand shifting climate and ecosystems and make robust projections of future conditions. Field stations are a critical component of our scientific infrastructure that bring the basic tools o... More >>