Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 894

Approaches to Understanding the Cumulative Effects of Stressors on Marine Mammals (2016)

Marine mammals face many natural and human stressors that can harm populations. Progress has been made in understanding the response of marine mammals to noise, but estimating risks to marine mammal populations requires understanding how the full array of stressors interact. This report offers a conceptual framework and research strategies to improve the ability to assess cumulative stressors to marine mammal populations and identify whic... More >>

Report in Brief

Molybdenum-99 for Medical Imaging (2016)

The report examines the production and utilization of molybdenum-99 and associated medical isotopes used in medical imaging. It also assesses progress made toward eliminating highly enriched uranium (HEU) from the targets used to produce molybdenum-99 production and promoting the utilization of molybdenum-99 from non-HEU sources. The report was mandated by the American Medical Isotopes Production Act of 2012 and it is the second of the tw... More >>

Communicating Chemistry: A Framework for Sharing Science: A Practical Evidence-Based Guide (2016)

A growing body of evidence indicates that, increasingly, the public is engaging with science in a wide range of informal environments, which can be any setting outside of school such as community-based programs, festivals, libraries, or home. Yet undergraduate and graduate schools often don’t prepare scientists for public communication. This practical guide is intended for any chemist -- that is, any professional who works in chemistry-relate... More >>

The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research: Remembering Yesterday, Understanding Today, Anticipating Tomorrow (2016)

The field of atmospheric chemistry came into its own as researchers worked to discover the causes of such problems as urban smog, acid rain, and the stratospheric ozone hole and identify actions that helped to solve each problem. Nonetheless, significant challenges remain as a growing global population intensifies energy use and industrial and agricultural activities. Climate change is one of the greatest environmental challenges facing societ... More >>

Report in Brief

Chemical Laboratory Safety and Security: A Guide to Developing Standard Operating Procedures (2016)

The U.S. Department of State charged the Academies with the task of producing a protocol for development of standard operating procedures (SOPs) that would serve as a complement to the Chemical Laboratory Safety and Security: A Guide to Prudent Chemical Management and be included with the other materials in the 2010 toolkit. To accomplish this task, a committee with experience and knowledge in good chemical safety and security practices i... More >>