Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Volcanic Eruptions and Their Repose, Unrest, Precursors, and Timing (2017)

Despite broad understanding of volcanoes, key questions regarding the timing, duration, style, size, and consequences of volcanic eruptions remain unanswered, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. To improve eruption forecasting and warnings to save lives, the report identifies three grand challenges for the volcanic science community. More >>

Report in Brief

Preparing for Future Products of Biotechnology (2017)

As the U.S. biotechnology economy grows rapidly, the scale, scope, and complexity of products is increasing. More types of organisms will likely be engineered, and the kinds of traits introduced with biotechnology will also increase. Future biotechnology products will range from familiar applications, such as modifying agricultural crops, to products that are entirely new –plants that can serve as sentinels of environmental contamination, fo... More >>

Accomplishments of the U.S. Global Change Research Program (2017)

Established under the Global Research Act of 1990, the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) has provided strategic planning and coordination to 13 participating federal agencies working to advance the science of global environmental change. This new report highlights notable accomplishments of the program, both in through its coordinating work and the many synthesis and assessment products it has published to share research findings wit... More >>

Report in Brief

Human Genome Editing: Science, Ethics, and Governance (2017)

Genome editing is a powerful new tool for making precise alterations to an organism's genetic material. Recent scientific advances have made genome editing more efficient, precise, and flexible than ever before. These advances have spurred an explosion of interest from around the globe in the possible ways in which genome editing can improve human health. The speed at which these technologies are being developed and applied has led man... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Marine Recreational Information Program (2017)

In 2006, the National Research Council provided a critical review of the Marine Recreational Fisheries Statistics Survey (MRFSS). Since then, NMFS has worked to address the recommendations from the 2006 report in developing surveys for the new Marine Recreational Information Program (MRIP). The report referenced here is the result of a study requested by NMFS for an evaluation of the new survey program. Recreational fishing is a favorit... More >>

Report in Brief