Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 852

Sustainability Concepts in Decision-Making: Tools and Approaches for the US Environmental Protection Agency (2014)

Population growth, climate change, and greater consumption of natural resources are just a few of the challenges the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) faces in pursuing its mission to protect human health and the environment. The agency has increasingly embraced the use of sustainability tools and approaches for considering the potential social, environmental, and economic effects of agency decisions and actions. This report identifie... More >>

Report in Brief

Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program (2014)

With its mission to fund research to tackle the most important challenges facing agriculture and food production -- from climate change to population growth -- the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) program plays a critical role in the U.S. research and development portfolio. This report examines the quality and value of research funded by the AFRI program, the prospects of the program's success in achieving established goal... More >>

Rethinking the Components, Coordination, and Management of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Laboratories (2014)

As an agency with the mission and regulatory responsibility to protect human health and the environment, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires substantial high-quality in-house scientific expertise and laboratory capabilities so that it can answer questions related to regulation, enforcement, and environmental effects of specific chemicals, activities, and processes. EPA’s laboratory system consists of a distributed network o... More >>

Review of the Formaldehyde Assessment in the National Toxicology Program 12th Report on Carcinogens (2014)

In 1981, the National Toxicology Program (NTP) listed formaldehyde in the 2nd Report on Carcinogens (RoC) as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen." In 2011, NTP upgraded the listing of formaldehyde in the 12th RoC to "known to be a human carcinogen." Following the new listing, Congress directed the Department of Health and Human Services to arrange for the National Academy of Sciences to independently review formaldehyde’s substanc... More >>

Report in Brief

Safe Science: Promoting a Culture of Safety in Academic Chemical Research (2014)

Safe Science: Learn more The following PDF resources are written specifically for: Principal Investigators and Department Chairs Laboratory Researchers University Senior Leaders Deans and Vice Presidents for Research Environmental Health and Safety Staff Recent serious accidents in chemical research laboratories in US universities--some of them fatal--have highlighted a need for improved lab safety; but it has become increasingly clea... More >>