Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 857

Sea Change: 2015-2025 Decadal Survey of Ocean Sciences (2015)

From monitoring coastal sea level rise to exploring subseafloor microbial communities, there has been a remarkable surge in understanding the ocean and its processes. This report presents eight strategic research priorities for 2015-2025 that will continue to advance ocean science knowledge. The report assesses the infrastructure needed to support this research, and makes recommendations for aligning current and planned infrastructure and budget... More >>

Review of California's Risk-Assessment Process for Pesticides (2015)

This report reviews the risk-assessment practices used by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation as part of its mission to ensure the protection of workers and public health. Overall, the study finds that the Department of Pesticide Regulation's risk-characterization documents are comprehensive and follow established risk-assessment practices. However, the bulk of the assessments duplicate much of the work of the US Environmenta... More >>

A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System (2015)

The U.S. food supply chain is deeply interconnected with human and environmental health, as well as social and economic systems. Decisions about food policies and practices, therefore, can have unintended impacts--both positive and negative. To arrive at a decision whose benefits outweigh its risks, decision makers must carefully consider a range of effects and interactions across the health, environmental, social, and economic domains.Thi... More >>

Report in Brief

Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities: Phase 2 Pilot Planning (2015)

This brief report provides an expert committee's advice to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) about general methodological considerations for carrying out a pilot study of cancer risks near seven nuclear facilities in the United States. The pilot study, which was a recommendation of a previous NAS report, aims to evaluate the technical feasibility of implementing two study designs described in that same report for carrying out a nationwid... More >>

A Framework to Guide Selection of Chemical Alternatives (2014)

Concerns about the health and environmental impacts associated with some chemical products and processes have motivated a growing number of national, state, and local governments, manufacturers, and retailers to develop assessments and approaches for finding safer chemical substitutes. These existing assessment frameworks reflect a range of different priorities, whether the focus is on protecting workers, the environment, the end users o... More >>

Report in Brief