Study in Progress

Improving Understanding of Volcanic Eruptions

Statement of Task

An ad hoc committee will examine fundamental research needed to improve understanding of the processes that initiate, sustain, and end volcanic eruptions and the relationships between those processes and observed eruption precursors. In particular, the committee will undertake the following tasks:

  • Summarize current understanding of how magma is stored, ascends, and erupts.
  • Discuss new disciplinary and interdisciplinary research on volcanic processes and precursors that could lead to forecasts of the type, size, and timing of volcanic eruptions.
  • Describe new observations or instrument deployment strategies that could improve quantification of volcanic eruption processes and precursors.
  • Identify priority research and observations needed to improve understanding of volcanic eruptions and to inform monitoring and early warning efforts.
The organizing committee will produce a peer-reviewed workshop report summarizing the presentations and discussions.