Workshop Reports/Summaries

Although some Division-sponsored activities like workshops do not result in consensus reports, discussions at workshops and other events are often published in workshop summaries, websites, newsletters, and other formats to preserve and make publicly accessible the information or discussions from the event.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 139

Opportunities to Improve Representation of Clouds and Aerosols in Climate Models with Classified Observing Systems: Proceedings of a Workshop: Abbreviated Version (2016)

The impact of aerosols on the atmosphere is widely acknowledged as one of the most significant and uncertain aspects of climate change projections. Aerosols influence the climate directly by increasing the amount of sunlight reflected back to space and indirectly through their interactions with clouds. Small changes in cloud cover, thickness, altitude, and cloud particle size and type (liquid vs. ice) affect the Earth's radiative balanc... More >>

The Changing Landscape of Hydrocarbon Feedstocks for Chemical Production: Implications for Catalysis: Proceedings of a Workshop (2016)

This was an interactive, multidisciplinary public workshop with about 120 participants that focused on identifying gaps and opportunities in catalysis research in an era of shifting feedstocks for chemical production. A report will be produced that summarizes the research gaps and opportunities identified by these participants. The objective is to provide a baseline of knowledge and opinions on this topic that can be used by federal agencies an... More >>

Frontiers in Decadal Climate Variability: Proceedings of a Workshop (2016)

A number of studies indicate an apparent slowdown in the overall rise in global average surface temperature between roughly 1998 and 2014. Most models did not predict such a slowdown--a fact that stimulated a lot of new research on variability of Earth's climate system. At a September 2015 workshop, leading scientists gathered to discuss current understanding of climate variability on decadal timescales (10 to 30 years) and whether and ho... More >>

Gain-of-Function Research: Summary of the Second Symposium, March 10-11, 2016 (2016)

The second National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine symposium on gain-of-function research gathered feedback from the life sciences community on draft policies developed by the National Science Advisory Board on Biosecurity (NSABB) for federal oversight of this emerging research area as part of a broader U.S. government deliberative process. "Gain-of-function" research refers to studies that enhance the ability of pathogens t... More >>

Use of Metabolomics to Advance Research on Environmental Exposures and the Human Exposome: Workshop in Brief (2016)

Metabolomics, the scientific study of small molecules produced from metabolism, is a rapidly expanding area of research that enables scientists to better understand the physiological state of an organism and its response to different types of stimuli such as nutrients and pollutants. Preliminary research suggests that metabolomics holds promise to advance understanding of the exposome--all of the environmental compounds an individual is expose... More >>