Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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A Review of the Citrus Greening Research and Development Efforts Supported by the Citrus Research and Development Foundation: Fighting a Ravaging Disease (2018)

Citrus greening disease poses a serious danger to the U.S. citrus industry. Associated with a bacteria that is spread by the Asian citrus psyllid, the infection results in blotchy mottling of leaves, stunting of shoots, gradual death of branches, and small, deformed fruits with bitter juice. Citrus greening disease cost Florida a cumulative loss of $2.9 billion in grower revenues from 2007 to 2014. The Citrus Research and Developmen... More >>

Report in Brief

A Smarter National Surveillance System for Occupational Safety and Health in the 21st Century (2018)

Worker safety and health is of paramount importance to thriving workplaces and the well-being of the 156 million adults in the U.S. workforce. Occupational safety and health (OSH) surveillance systems provide the data and analyses needed to understand the relationships between work and injuries and illnesses with the goal of improving worker safety and health. In the United States, OSH surveillance is a collaborative effort of federal, state, an... More >>

Report in Brief

Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area (2017)

An increase in brucellosis cases in the Greater Yellowstone Area has alarmed cattle and domestic bison producers and spurred new scientific analyses to determine the factors involved. Brucellosis is found in cattle, bison, and elk and can result in late-gestation abortion, decreased milk production, and loss of fertility. Although it is not considered a major public health threat in the United States, brucellosis can have serious economi... More >>

Report in Brief

Preparing for Future Products of Biotechnology (2017)

As the U.S. biotechnology economy grows rapidly, the scale, scope, and complexity of products is increasing. More types of organisms will likely be engineered, and the kinds of traits introduced with biotechnology will also increase. Future biotechnology products will range from familiar applications, such as modifying agricultural crops, to products that are entirely new –plants that can serve as sentinels of environmental contamination, fo... More >>

Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects (2016)

Since their introduction in the mid-1990s, genetically engineered (GE) crops have been the topic of much debate. This report reviews evidence accumulated from experiences on the most widely grown GE crops to date: herbicide-resistant and insect-resistant varieties of maize, soybean, and cotton. While recognizing the inherent difficulty of detecting subtle or long-term effects on health or the environment, the study committee found n... More >>

Report in Brief