Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 103

Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States (2015)

Climate change is affecting the environment in ways that can have consequences for human health. Research on these impacts is active, with strong evidence to support some aspects and research still in progress for others. To synthesize and review research on this topic, the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) has initiated an interagency Assessment on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. This report review... More >>

Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration (2015)

Climate intervention is no substitute for reductions in carbon dioxide emissions and adaptation efforts aimed at reducing the negative consequences of climate change. However, as our planet enters a period of changing climate never before experienced in recorded human history, interest is growing in the potential for deliberate intervention in the climate system to counter climate change. This report assesses the potential impacts, benefits, an... More >>

Report in Brief

Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth (2015)

Climate intervention is no substitute for reductions in carbon dioxide emissions and adaptation efforts aimed at reducing the negative consequences of climate change. However, as our planet enters a period of changing climate never before experienced in recorded human history, interest is growing in the potential for deliberate intervention in the climate system to counter climate change. This report assesses the potential impacts, benefits, an... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the National Science Foundation's Division on Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences Draft Goals and Objectives Documents (2014)

The National Science Foundation's Division on Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences (AGS) supports research to achieve the nation's scientific and education goals in the atmospheric sciences. At AGS' request, this letter report reviews an AGS draft goals and objectives document that sets forth missions, long-term goals, and the means to achieve those goals, for the years 2014–2018. The letter report's authoring committee commends AGS on takin... More >>

Abrupt Impacts of Climate Change: Anticipating Surprises (2013)

Both abrupt changes in the physical climate system and steady changes in climate that can trigger abrupt changes in other physical, biological, and human systems present possible threats to nature and society. Abrupt change is already underway in some systems, and large scientific uncertainties about the likelihood of other abrupt changes highlight the need for further research. However, with recent advances in understanding of the climat... More >>

Report in Brief