Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 37

Effective Chemistry Communication in Informal Environments (2016)

Chemistry plays a critical role in daily life, impacting areas such as medicine and health, consumer products, energy production, the ecosystem, and many other areas. Communicating about chemistry in informal environments has the potential to raise public interest and understanding of chemistry around the world. However, the chemistry community lacks a cohesive, evidence-based guide for designing effective communication activities. This repor... More >>

Spills of Diluted Bitumen from Pipelines: A Comparative Study of Environmental Fate, Effects, and Response (2015)

The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) needs to modify its regulations and planning in order to strengthen preparedness for accidental spills of diluted bitumen from pipelines. Diluted bitumen is a type of crude oil made from bitumen extracted from tar sands. While immediately following a spill, diluted bitumen behaves similarly to other crude oils, exposure to the environment induces rapid physical and chemical changes known as "weathering... More >>

Report in Brief

Industrialization of Biology: A Roadmap to Accelerate the Advanced Manufacturing of Chemicals (2015)

A growing number of chemicals used in the manufacture of consumer goods, pharmaceuticals, and other products are being produced using biological systems -- the so called "industrialization of biology." Taking advantage of advancing knowledge of synthetic biology, bio-based chemicals can be cheaper and more environmentally sustainable than those produced through traditional chemical synthesis. For some complex chemicals, like pharmaceuticals o... More >>

A Framework to Guide Selection of Chemical Alternatives (2014)

Concerns about the health and environmental impacts associated with some chemical products and processes have motivated a growing number of national, state, and local governments, manufacturers, and retailers to develop assessments and approaches for finding safer chemical substitutes. These existing assessment frameworks reflect a range of different priorities, whether the focus is on protecting workers, the environment, the end users o... More >>

Report in Brief

Safe Science: Promoting a Culture of Safety in Academic Chemical Research (2014)

Safe Science: Learn more The following PDF resources are written specifically for: Principal Investigators and Department Chairs Laboratory Researchers University Senior Leaders Deans and Vice Presidents for Research Environmental Health and Safety Staff Recent serious accidents in chemical research laboratories in US universities--some of them fatal--have highlighted a need for improved lab safety; but it has become increasingly clea... More >>