Animal Alternatives, Welfare, and Ethics
The links listed below stem from various inquiries and are for your information. Their placement here does not indicate endorsement by ILAR, the National Research Council, or the National Academies.
ALTBIB Alternatives to Animal Testing Bibliography (NIH)
Altweb: Alternatives to Animal Testing (Johns Hopkins)
Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT)
European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM)
Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments (FRAME)
Institute for In Vitro Sciences, Inc
Laboratory Animal Refinement Database
National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research (NC3Rs)
Netherlands Centre Alternatives to Animal Use (NCA)
NTP Interagency Center for the Evaluation of Alternative Toxicological Methods (NICEATM)
The Norwegian Reference Centre for Laboratory Animal Science & Alternatives
University of California Center for Animal Alternatives
Welch Medical Library: Alternatives to Animal Testing Resources (Johns Hopkins)
To report broken or outdated links, please e-mail us at ILAR@nas.edu.