Water: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 906

A Review of the Environmental Protection Agency's Science to Achieve Results Research Program (2017)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) supports extramural research at academic and nonprofit institutions through a competitive, peer-reviewed grant program known as Science to Achieve Results, or STAR. The STAR program funds research to address critical gaps in knowledge in areas of science that are relevant to Environmental Protection Agency's mission. At the request of EPA, this report assesses the STAR program's scientific merit... More >>

Report in Brief

Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area (2017)

An increase in brucellosis cases in the Greater Yellowstone Area has alarmed cattle and domestic bison producers and spurred new scientific analyses to determine the factors involved. Brucellosis is found in cattle, bison, and elk and can result in late-gestation abortion, decreased milk production, and loss of fertility. Although it is not considered a major public health threat in the United States, brucellosis can have serious economi... More >>

Report in Brief

Volcanic Eruptions and Their Repose, Unrest, Precursors, and Timing (2017)

Despite broad understanding of volcanoes, key questions regarding the timing, duration, style, size, and consequences of volcanic eruptions remain unanswered, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. To improve eruption forecasting and warnings to save lives, the report identifies three grand challenges for the volcanic science community. More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Draft Climate Science Special Report (2017)

The United States Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) is moving towards a sustained assessment process that allows for more fluid and consistent integration of scientific knowledge into the mandated quadrennial National Climate Assessment. As part of this process, the USGCRP is developing the Climate Science Special Report (CSSR), a technical report that details the current state-of-science relating to climate change and its physical impacts... More >>

Preparing for Future Products of Biotechnology (2017)

As the U.S. biotechnology economy grows rapidly, the scale, scope, and complexity of products is increasing. More types of organisms will likely be engineered, and the kinds of traits introduced with biotechnology will also increase. Future biotechnology products will range from familiar applications, such as modifying agricultural crops, to products that are entirely new –plants that can serve as sentinels of environmental contamination, fo... More >>